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Diarrheal carriage illness with Trichuris trichiura among the slum dwelling children in Dhaka city


Hamida Khanum1, Mandira Mukutmoni2, Jashim Uddin2 and Rashidul Haque2

1Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh 2International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR, B), Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT: A total of 417 diarrheal fecal samples from Mirpur slum area were collected from 127 children during June, 2014 to May, 2015. Multiplex PCR-Luminex method ensured that prevalence of Trichuris trichiura was 60.63% comprising 65.15% in male and 55.74% in female among diarrheal children. Children aged 9-10 months were exposed as the highest T. trichiura prevalent (38.81%) group including the highest infected female (34.48%). Age group 3-4 months showed the lowest (16.95%) prevalence. The topmost prevalence (58.33%) was observed among the male children aged 11-12 months. The highest prevalence of T. trichiura was observed in summer (31.85%)and the lowest in winter (21.17%). Peak prevalence was noticed in April (61.11%) and declined in December (14.29%). Overall mixed infections with T. trichiura was less frequent (14.96%). Double infection comprising T. trichiura and Ascaris lumbricoides was 5.51%. 11 children encountered diarrhea for seven to nine times and every single time they were marked as T. trichiura positive. The likelihood of T. trichiura infestation was significantly (p<0.05) associated with diarrhea. The current findings suggest that T. trichiura infections remain a persistent health problem among children in Bangladesh and need appropriate prevention and control measures.

KEYWORDS: Trichuris trichiura, Diarrhea, PCR-Luminex, Prevalence, slum children.

CORRESPONDENCE:Hamida Khanum, E-mail: hamida_khanum@gmail.com

 

 
 
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