Pattern of Squint (Strabismus) in Children with Cerebral Palsy – A Study Conducted in the Ophthalmology Out-Patient Department in a Tertiary Level Teaching Hospital in Bangladesh

Pattern of Squint (Strabismus) in Children with Cerebral Palsy – A Study Conducted in the Ophthalmology Out-Patient Department in a Tertiary Level Teaching Hospital in Bangladesh

Kazi Nilufar Moly1, Md. Iqbal Mahmud Choudhury2, S.M. Abu Ahsan3, Tazin Ahsan4, Sabiha Sanjida Ananna5, Nilufar Shabnam6, Sumaya Tasneem7

1Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh 2 Assistant Professor, Department of Plastic Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh 3 Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Ad-din Sakina Medical College, Jessore, Bangladesh 4 Honorary Medical Officer, Department of Surgery, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh 5 Intern Doctor, Anwar Khan Modern Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh 6 Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, BIRDERM and Ibrahim Medical College, Shahbagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh 7 Honorary Medical Officer, Department of Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbagh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

ABSTRACT: This retrospective study was conducted to determine the pattern of squint and its clinical characteristics in children of Cerebral Palsy (CP), attending in the ophthalmology out-patient department (OPD) of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. This study was conducted from January 2017 to December 2017. Study population was the diagnosed case of CP patients (children). Age range of the patients varied between 6months to 9 years. The total number of patients was 404. Among the 404 patients having CP, squint was associated with 212 patients. Male and female patients were 128 (60.4%) and 84 (39.6%) respectively. The types of squint diagnosed were right esotropia (RET), right exotropia (RXT), left esotropia (LET) and Left exotropia (LXT). The frequency of RET , LET, RXT and LXT were found to be 94 (44.3%), 93 (43.9%), 18 (8.5%) and 7 (3.3%) respectively. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical characteristics of squint in CP children.

KEYWORDS: Cerebral Palsy (CP), Squint, Ophthalmological Evaluation, Out-patient Department (OPD)

CORRESPONDENCE: Dr. Md. Iqbal Mahmud Choudhury