Situation and factors associated with Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators: Insights from a cross sectional study in Jamalpur district, Bangladesh

Situation and factors associated with Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators: Insights from a cross sectional study in Jamalpur district, Bangladesh

Nafis Md Irfan1*, Md. Rowshan kabir2, Sneha Sarwar1, and Abira Nowar1

1Institute of Nutrition and Food Science (INFS), University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh. 2Nutrition consultant, UNICEF Bangladesh.

ABSTRACT: A community based cross sectional study was conducted in June 2018 in three sub districts of Jamalpur district- Bangladesh. A total of 381 mothers having children of 0-23 months age were interviewed. The rates of initiation of early initiation of breast feeding (EIBF) within one hour after birth and exclusive breast feeding (EBF) were 48.0% and 51.3% respectively. Less than one third of the children was able to meet minimum dietary diversity (MDD) (30%) and minimum meal frequency (MMF) (28%) while iron rich food consumption was found to be very low (24%) among children of 6-23 months of age. Education level of mother was significantly associated (p<0.05) with EBF, MDD and consumption of iron-rich food. In addition MDD was significantly associated with number of family members while iron rich food consumption was significantly associated with number of child in the family and monthly family income (p<0.05).

KEYWORDS: Infant and young child feeding (IYCF), Exclusive breast feeding (EBF), Minimum dietary diversity (MDD), Iron rich food, Bangladesh.

CORRESPONDENCE: Nafis Md Irfan