Author Guidelines

The following instructions must be followed during preparation of manuscripts intended for publication in the Bioresearch Communications:

The Bioresearch Communications invites and publishes full papers and short communications that make substantial and scholarly contributions to any areas of biology and medicine.(Please see the Home Page)

Manuscripts should be in English and type written in double space with wide margins.

Title Page. The title should appear on a separate page and should be followed by the author names and the institution name and address. The title, author name(s), and affiliations should all appear on their own respective line of text. Place an asterisk after the name of the author to whom enquiries regarding the paper should be directed and include that author’s telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address.

Abstract. The abstract, detailing, in one paragraph, the problem, experimental approach, major findings, and conclusions, should appear on the second page. It should be double-spaced and should not exceed 150 words for full Papers.

Key words. Author(s) must give 3 to 10 “key words” or phrases, which identify the most important subjects covered by the paper. These should be placed at the end of the abstract.

Introduction. The manuscript should include a brief introduction stating the purpose of the investigation and relating the manuscripts to similar research previously or currently being conducted. Only information essential to the arguments should be presented.

Materials and Methods. This section should contain some specific details about the materials studied, instruments used, sources of specialized chemicals and related experimental details to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Separate paragraphs with sub-headings may be used to describe the experimental details.

Results and Discussion. The results should be presented concisely. Tables and figures should be designed to maximize the presentation and comprehension of the experimental data. The discussion should interpret the results and relate them to existing knowledge in the field as clearly and briefly as possible.

Acknowledgments. The Acknowledgments section should include credits for assistance, financial support, and other appropriate recognition.

References. References to the literature, regardless of their nature, should be numbered in order of appearance in the manuscript and cited in the text with superscript numbers. References should follow the format shown:

  1. Khan, S., Jabbar, A., Hasan, C.M. and Rashid, M.A. 2000. Nasimaluns A and B: neo -clerodane diterpenoids from Barringtonia racemosa. J. Nat. Prod. 63 , 410-411.
  2. Rashid, M.A., Gustafson, K.R., Crouch, R.C., Groweiss, A., Pannell, L.K., Van, Q.N. and Boyd, M.R. 2002. Application of high-field NMR and cryogenic probe technologies in the structure elucidation of poecillastrin A, a new antitumor macrolide lactam from the sponge Poecillastra species. Org. Lett. , 3293-3296.
  3. Mabry, T., Markham, K.R. and Thomas, M.B. 1971. The Systematic Identification of Flavonoids. Springer Verlag, New York, p. 43.
  4. Harborne, J.B. 1983. In: Chemistry and Chemical Taxonomy of the Rutales (Waterman, P.G. and Grundon, M.F., Eds.), Academic Press, London, Chapter 2, pp. 147-173.
  5. Hasan, C.M. 1982. Phytochemical studies on some African Annonaceae. Ph. D. Thesis, University of Strathclyde, U.K., p. 35.

Abbreviations. Abbreviations are used without periods. Standard abbreviations should be used throughout the manuscript. The preferred forms of some of the more commonly used abbreviations are mp, bp, K, s, min, h, ml, kg, g, mg, cm, mm, nm, mol, mmol, ppm, TLC, GC, NMR, MS, UV, and IR.

Structural Drawings. The quality of the illustrations printed depends on the quality of the originals provided. The pages of the Bioresearch Communications are produced completely electronically. Structures of compounds should be produced with the use of a drawing program such as Chem Draw or ISIS Draw.

Tables. These should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals and should be grouped at the end of the paper. Each table should be provided with a descriptive heading, which, together with the individual column headings, should make the table, as nearly as possible, self-explanatory.

Figures. Figures should be constructed carefully. All illustrations should be numbered as “Figures”, with Arabic numerals. Blocks of chemical structures should not be designated as “Figures”. Each figure must be identified outside the frame of the figure. The figure number (Arabic) and legend must be typed clearly.

Electronic Manuscript Submission. All version of the manuscript should be submitted in electronic form. It is best to use the fonts “Times New Roman” and “Symbol”. Tables may be created using a word processor’s text mode or table format feature. The table format feature is preferred. Ensure each data entry is in its own table cell. If the text mode is used, separate columns with a single tab and use a line feed (return) at the end of each row.

Proofs. Galley proofs will be sent to the corresponding author, which s/he is requested to correct and return as soon as possible. No new matter be inserted in the text and no changes be made in the title or author name(s) at the time of proof reading.

Corrections . If errors of consequence are detected in a published paper, the author(s) should send a correction to the Editor for publication as an Addition and Correction.

The author(s) must also read and understand the following things before going for final submission:


By submitting a manuscript to Bioresearch Communications, the author(s) must certify and declare that:

  1. This is an original work, and neither it is previously published nor it is under consideration for publication in any other journal.
  2. The manuscript has been read and approved by all named authors and that there are no other persons who satisfied the criteria for authorship but are not listed. We further confirm that the order of authors listed in the manuscript has been approved by all of us.
  3. Due consideration has been given to the protection of intellectual property associated with this work.
  4. To the best of knowledge, the manuscript does not contain any false, inappropriate or unlawful contents. And, Bioresearch Communications is not responsible for anything included in the manuscript.

License Agreement

All the articles published on Bioresearch Communications are under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International License (CC-BY-NC). This approves only the non-commercial reuse of a published article provided that the published article is properly attributed. Commercial re-use depends solely on the approval of the publisher. All the concerned persons are requested to visit the Creative Commons website ( to fully understand the license agreement before any sort of reuse of a published article.


Author(s) will retain the copyright of their own articles. By submitting the article to Bioresearch Communications the author(s) have granted the BRC for the use of the article.